Habitats and Communities - CKW YMCA

Habitats and Communities

Grade 4 - Day Program at the Outdoor Centre

Strand: Understanding Life Systems



The program offers a combination of activities that introduce the concepts of habitats and communities.

Students explore the way different species interact in communities, and the ways they adapt to better suit their environment.

Main Steps Synopsis

First, students will be introduced to Professor Pat and the program. Second, students will discuss the three main terms - adaptation, habitat, and community, with some examples of each. Students will then reinforce these concepts through a game, lunchtime skit, tour of "habitats" and Olympic games revolving around adaptations.

  • Introduction to Professor Pat and the program.
  • Discuss adaptation, habitat, and community with the slideshow.
  • Play Energy Hunt, learning how energy moves along the food chain.
  • Learn about adaptations through lunchtime skit.
  • Tour the habitats of three different species, learning about how they relate to their community.
  • Engage in "Paradise Olympics" to reinforce the different adaptations that benefit each species.
  • Background
  • Adaptation

Changing to fit in better with the environment

Species change over time to deal with stresses, changes in their environment, and to become better suited to the conditions they are living in. We consider many characteristics of plants and animals we see today adaptations that took place many years ago. Adapting is an ongoing process, improving the characteristics of species and occurs through natural selection (those creatures with a useful trait or adaptation tend to survive better and pass on this trait until it is common to all members of the species).


  • Analyze the effects of human activities on habitats and communities
  • Investigate the interdependence of plants and animals within specific habitats and communities
  • Demonstrate an understanding of habitats and communicates and the relationships among the plants and animals that live in them.